Sanitation Regulation Framework developed

A Regulation Framework and Strategy for inclusive urban sanitation service provision incorporating non-sewered sanitation services has been developed by ESAWAS using a harmonised regional approach.

The development of the Framework and Strategy is supported under the Bill and Melinda Gates funded project and included consultations with key stakeholders such as AMCOW, AFUR and AFWA. The development of the Framework and Strategy relied on a gap analysis conducted in eight countries, comprising Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Mozambique and Lesotho. The gap analysis involved extensive review of the existing policy and legal framework, institutional arrangements, stakeholder roles and responsibilities, as well as technology along the sanitation value chain.

A key target for all water supply and sanitation regulators is the attainment of SDG6 and country visions.  The 2016/17 ESAWAS Regional Benchmarking Report of Urban WSS Utilities showed that an estimated 89.5% or over 50.76million people of the combined urban population in eight ESAWAS member countries depend on non-sewered sanitation solutions. Significantly increasing the population served by sewer network may not be reasonably feasible to reach the SDG target for universal access due to the huge investment gap versus limited financing. Therefore, achieving the 2030 target of safely managed sanitation services requires an inclusive urban sanitation approach that combines both sewered and non-sewered sanitation services.

One of the major challenges to improving non-sewered sanitation service delivery in the member countries is the absence of a regulatory framework to address the full sanitation value chain (containment, emptying, transport, treatment, and disposal/reuse). The sanitation value chain has been neglected both in the quality of service delivery as well as in regulation.

Consequently, recognising that the largest proportion of the population in the urban areas of the member countries depend on non-sewered sanitation, ESAWAS has developed a Regulation Framework and Strategy for inclusive urban sanitation service provision incorporating non-sewered sanitation services that specifies regulatory touch points along the entire sanitation value chain. This means that all links of the sanitation chain need to be operated and managed sustainably to ensure continued service provision that protects both public health and the environment.

 This Regulation Strategy recommends: 

  • an appropriate regulatory framework (who, how and what to regulate) for inclusive urban sanitation service provision covering policy, legal and institutional arrangements and urban service provision models, across the full sanitation value chain;
  • the regulatory tools and instruments required to implement the framework; and
  • the internal regulatory set-up (organisational structure) that creates focus on inclusive sanitation services incorporating non-sewered approaches (Who and how mandate is implemented).

An ESAWAS Extraordinary General Meeting approved the developed Framework and Strategy for adoption, adaptation and implementation by Members.

 

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